Milestones:

The following is a rough guideline to what your baby may achieve. Babies may reach different milestones at different paces. Premature babies require more time to reach certain milestones. Hence, doctors evaluate a premature baby's development from the time they should’ve been born.

6 Months:

  • Motor skills:

    • Rolls over

    • Pulls feet into mouth

    • Reach for objects

    • Hold their bottle

    • May start sitting without support

    • Adjust body to see an object

    • Can bear most weight on standing position

    • May lift head, neck and chest when laid on their tummy

  • Head control: Holds head steadily without lagging

  • Vision: Recognizing objects from far

  • Hearing: Turns towards sound

  • Speech:

    • Continue to imitate sounds and words

    • Make one syllable sound (ma, ba, da)

  • Social:

    • Smile, laugh

    • Feel comfortable around family members

    • Shows fear towards strangers

    • Show interest towards their favorite toy

  • Start eating solid food Shows full readiness

  • Chew and bite

  • Permanent eye color develops

7 Months:

  • Motor Skills:

    • Sit down without any support

    • May begin to crawl

    • Bears full weight on feet when held in standing position and may bounce

    • May start passing objects from one hand to another

    • Bangs toys

    • Lean toward toys, pick them up, and lean back.

    • Develops hand- mouth coordination

    • Start using a handled cup with help

  • Social:

    • Recognize and responds to their name

    • Blabs when surrounding people talk

    • Smile, laugh, frown, grin

    • Understands parent’s voice tone (happy, angry, sad)

    • Start showing separation anxiety

  • Drools

  • May start showing teething signs

8 Months:

  • Motor:

    • May crawl (some babies do not crawl at all)

    • May start standing while holding onto furniture.

    • May start grasping small objects

    • Show mouth-hand coordination

    • Clap hands

    • Throw, shake, bang and chew objects

  • Social:

    • Show separation anxiety

    • Understands when someone is sad and show empathy

  • Vision:

    • Can see clearly

    • Can see very far objects

  • May start teething 

  • Say dada, baba, mama to parents

9 Months:

  • Motor:

    • Can stand while holding to furniture and may take steps

    • May wave goodbye

    • Throw, shake, bang and throw objects

    • Start grasping small objects

    • Attempts to sit by dropping

    • May try to learn to stand when sitting

  • Social:

    • May respond and understands “bye”

    • Understands parent’s voice tone rather than words

    • Shows separation anxiety

  • Language

    • Uses the words “baba” and “mama” when attempting to talk to parents

    • In addition to “baba” and “mama” they may say another word

  • Vision:

    • Clearer vision

    • Can spot an object from a pile

  • Other:

    • Enjoys playing

    • Enjoys story time and lullabies

10 Months Old:

  • Motor Skills:

    • Waves goodbye

    • Masters crawling

    • Walk while holding onto furniture

    • May start standing for a very short while without support

    • May take steps when holding parent’s hand

    • Starts standing when they are in sitting position

  • Social:

    • Smile at people

    • Shy in front of people

    • Express fear, frustration

    • Make sounds for attention

  • Language:

    • Says “baba” and “mama” to talk to the correct parent

    • Babbles words that resemble real words

    • May start saying extra words that may be incomplete

    • Responds to their name

11 Months Old:

  • Motor Skills:

    • Walk while holding onto furniture

    • Take steps while holding parent’s hand

    • May sit down when standing (doesn’t throw themselves)

    • May be able to hold a cup and drink

    • Try to eat independently using their hand

    • Can stand independently for a short while

  • Social:

    • May understand and follow simple instructions

  • Language:

    • Says “baba” and “mama” to talk to the correct parent

    • Understands simple instructions

    • Babbles words and try to repeat words they hear

  • Other:

    • Enjoys stories and images in books and flip pages

    • Enjoys putting things in a box

12 Months:

  • Motor Skills:

    • May start taking a few steps

    • Sits down when standing without help

    • Flips pages

  • Social:

    • Responds to simple questions and commands

    • Shows affection

    • Shows independence in familiar places

    • Still shows separation anxiety and clings to parents around strangers

  • Language:

    • May say two extra words in addition to “baba” and “mama”

    • Babbles sentences

    • Understands the names of objects